Cost and Environmental Pollution Reduction Based on Scheduling of Power Plants and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Document Type: Research Article

Authors

1 Faculty of Mechanics, Electrical Power and Computer, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Electrical Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

Abstract

There has been a global effort to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emissions. In an electric resource scheduling, emission dispatch and load economic dispatch problems should be considered. Using renewable energy resources (RESs), especially wind and solar, can be effective in cutting back emissions associated with power system. Further, the application of electric vehicles (EV) capable of being connected to power grid reduces the pollution level in the transportation sector. This paper investigates a resource scheduling with uncertain behavior of RESs and EVs by considering the penalty factors of emission for each conventional power plant in Hormozgan province of Iran for a 10-year period from 2016 to 2026. In this study, combined-cycle and thermal units are also taken into account. The CPLEX Solver is utilized for resource scheduling problem in GAMS. For combined-cycle power plants, ramp rate constraints are also included. To investigate the impact of uncertainties, different scenarios are considered. The obtained results demonstrate that Hormozgan province has a decent potential of utilizing RESs and EVs to achieve pollution reduction and optimal cost.

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