Multi Attribute Investment Planning of a Grid-Connected Diesel/Wind/PV/Battery Hybrid Energy System

Document Type: Research Article


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran


Recently, along with the depletion of fossil fuels and growing electrical requirements, more attention has been paid on utilizing Renewable Energy Sources (RESs). The Chichest tourism complex is located 20 km far from Orumieh, Iran which has been supplied through the main distribution grid connection. But, recently the trend is to expand the share of RESs in supplying microgrids demand. Hence, this study reports the optimum investment planning for electrical expansion of grid-connected Chichest tourism complex including diesel/wind/PV/battery technologies. For the optimal planning of microgrid, an efficient simply-computational two-stage procedure is proposed. In the first stage, all of the feasible system configurations are determined using NREL’s HOMER software which is a well-known and well-established optimal modeling environment. Subsequently, in the second stage based on Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and simple additive weighting (SAW) method, the best configurations for hybrid system are determined through the Expert Choice software considering economical and environmental criteria. With the aim of providing a comprehensive decision-making capability, a sensitivity analysis is performed considering relative importance of criteria. Simulation results demonstrate that for Chichest coast, the best configuration is grid/diesel/wind hybrid system as it shows a uniform behavior for different cases.


  1. Hafez O., Bhattacharya K. Optimal planning and design of a renewable energy based supply system for microgrids. Renewable Energy, 2012, 45, 7–15.
  2. Giatrakos G.P., Tsoutsos T.D., Mouchtaropoulos P.G., Stavrakakis G. Sustainable energy planning based on a stand–alone hybrid renewable energy/hydrogen power system: Application in Karpathos island Greece. Renewable Energy, 2009, 34, 2562–2570.
  3. Asrari A., Ghasemi A., Javidi M.H. Economic evaluation of hybrid renewable energy systems for rural electrification in Iran–A case study. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2012, 16, 3123–3130.
  4. Shaahid S.M., Elhadidy M.A. Economic analysis of hybrid photovoltaic–diesel–battery power systems for residential loads in hot regions–a step to clean future. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2008, 12, 488–503.
  5. Turkay B.E., Telli A.Y. Economic analysis of standalone and grid connected hybrid energy systems. Renewable Energy, 2011, 36, 1931–1943.
  6. Dalton G.J., Lockington D.A., Baldock T.E. Feasibility analysis of renewable energy supply options for a grid–connected large hotel. Renewable Energy, 2009, 34, 955–964.
  7. Nayar C., Tang M., Suponthana W. Wind/PV/Diesel microgrid system implemented in remote islands in the Republic of Maldives. IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Energy Technologies (ICSET), Singapore, 2008, 1076 –1080.
  8. Sopian K., Ibrahim M.Z., Daud W.R.W., Othman M.Y., Yatim B., Amin N. Performance of a PV/wind hybrid system for hydrogen production. Renewable Energy, 2009, 34, 1973 – 1978.
  9. Celik A.N. A simplified model for estimating yearly wind fraction. Renewable Energy, 2006, 31, 105–118.
  10. Dihrab S.S., Sopian K. Electricity generation of hybrid PV/wind systems in Iraq. Renewable Energy, 2010, 35, 1303–1307.
  11. Iranian subsidy reform plan, Available:
  12. History & objectives of Iran Renewable Energy Organization (SUNA), Available:
  13. Silva S.B., Oliveira M.A.G., Severino M.M. Economic evaluation and optimization of a photovoltaic–fuel cell–batteries hybrid system for use in the Brazilian Amazon. Energy Policy, 2010, 38, 6713–6723.
  14. Bekele G., Tadesse G. Feasibility study of small Hydro/PV/Wind hybrid system for off–grid rural electrification in Ethiopia. Applied Energy, 2012, 97, 5–15.
  15. Ngan M.S., Tan C.W. Assessment of economic viability for PV/wind/diesel hybrid energy system in southern Peninsular Malaysia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2012, 16, 634–647.
  16. Getting Started Guide Overview-HOMER, Available:
  17. Urmia wind speed from synoptic meteorological stations provided by I.R of Iran Meteorological Organization (IRIMO), Available:
  18. Offshore wind energy, Available: /index.php/OffshoreWind/Offshore-Wind-Energy.html.
  19. URI oceanographers: wind speeds in southern new England declining inland, remaining steady on coast, Available: http://www.uri. edu/news/releases/?id=6482.
  20. NASA Surface meteorology and solar energy. /sse/.
  21. Surianu F.D., Borlea I., Jiogoria–Oprea D., Lustrea B. Comparative study of the opportunity to use Renewable Energy Sources to supply Residential Consumers. International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality (ICREPQ), Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 2012, 1–5.
  22. Rolls Surrette 6CS25P (6-CS-25PS / 6CS-25PS) Battery, Available: http://www.
  23. Saaty T.L. Fundamentals of decision making and priority theory with AHP. RWS Publications, Pittsburg, 2000.
  24. Getting Started Guide - Expert Choice, Available: