Department of Electrical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.
Department of Electrical Engineering, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
The most common controller in wind turbine is the blade pitch angle control in order to get the desired power. Controlling the pitch angle in wind turbines has a direct impact on the dynamic performance of the machine and fluctuations in the power systems. Due to constant changes in wind speed, the wind turbines are of nonlinear and multivariate system. The design of a controller that can adapt itself with the system, at any given time, is of crucial importance. To limit the aerodynamic power gained from the wind turbine in the high wind speed areas, different methods has are applied on pitch angle. In this paper an extensive literature review on pitch angle control technique in wind turbine has been highlighted. Classical and adaptive controllers, structure control, robust control and intelligent control are among the control methods adopted in this study. In comparison of the controllers, although adaptive and robust controllers, with less sensitivity to changes in environmental conditions, outperform the classic controller, the intelligent controller system presents the best performance of the wind turbines through estimating the system variables and appropriate adaptation to changes at the operating point.