Document Type : Research Article


1 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Adeleke University, P.M.B. 250, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

2 Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, P.M.B. 13, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University, P.M.B. 13, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Adeleke University, P.M.B. 250, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria.

5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Osun State University, P.M.B. 4494, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria.


Briquettes from agro-residues have been promoted as a better alternative to firewood and charcoals for heating and cooking in the rural communities. In this light, a study was carried out to investigate the effect of pretreatment methods on physical properties and heating values of briquettes produced from corncob. To accomplish this work, an experiment was designed as a 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 completely randomized with three replicates. The parameters are pretreatment methods (carbonized and uncarbonized), binder types (cassava, corn, and gelatin), binder concentrations (10, 20, 30 %), and compacting pressures (50, 100, and 150 kPa). A charcoal kiln was fabricated to obtain the pretreatment through pyrolysis and a punch and die was also fabricated to facilitate briquette densification. The physical properties tested were limited to moisture content (MC), density and compressive strength and were determined using a conventional method. The heating value of the briquettes produced was determined using bomb calorimeter. The results demonstrated that average
moisture content ranged between 5.29-6.58 % and 12.75-13.72 %, mean relaxed density varied from 813-925
kgm-3 and 963-1166 kgm-3, compressive strength ranged between 2.27-5.07 MPa and 5.97-10.12 MPa, and
heating value ranged between 28.85-32.36 MJkg-1 and 27.58-28.80 MJkg-1 for carbonized and uncarbonized
briquettes, respectively. Briquettes produced from carbonized corncob had a better moisture content and heating value, while briquettes produced from uncarbonized corncob had higher density and compressive strength. The study shows that pretreatment methods under different binder types and concentrations and the compacting pressure significantly affected the briquettes physical properties and heating values. Therefore, this technology can be successfully applied in rural off-grid areas by the government and other stakeholders in the energy sector as part of renewable energy technologies. 


Main Subjects

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