Document Type : Research Article
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Marathwada Mitramandal’s College of Engineering, Pune Affiliated to Savitribai Phule Pune University, P. O. Box: 411052, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
The present study aims to develop different strategies for better utilization of oxygenated Diethyl ether and ethanol as supplementary fuels by blending them with biodiesel as the base fuel in CI engines. The used biodiesel used was readily available Karanja Oil Methyl Ester (KOME), its scientific name being Pongamia Pinnata. Initially, 5 %, 10 %, 15 %, and 20 % amounts of ethanol (volume) were mixed with biodiesel. Further, the optimum selected blend BE15 was mixed with 5 %, 10 %, 15 %, and 20 % DEE by volume to make the ternary blend. This DEE-ethanol-biodiesel blend was tested on the same engine under the same conditions. The experimental results exhibited that the DEE-ethanol-biodiesel ternary blend, BE15DE10, mitigated BTE by 8.89 % and the smoke, NOx, and CO emissions by 15.66 %, 50.7 %, and 18.5 %, respectively, compared with neat biodiesel. The HC emission exhibited a slightly increasing trend. The results summarize the trade-off between smoke and NOx reduction using DEE and ethanol oxygenated fuels. The addition of ethanol by 15 % and DEE up to 10 % by volume to biodiesel could be considered the most favorable blend without any significant modifications in the CI engine.
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